List of Riverside Cities in India [PDF]

Photo of author

6 Minutes Read

India is home to several cities situated along the banks of various rivers, providing them with a picturesque and often culturally rich environment. Here are some notable riverside cities in India:

Indian cities on the bank of river pdf > India is a land of many rivers, and throughout history, these rivers have played a vital role in shaping the country’s culture, economy, and geography. Many of India’s major cities have been built on the banks of these rivers, and even today, they continue to be important centers of commerce, industry, and tourism.

# Cities of India, River Banks:

 Name of CitiesRiver BankState
# Leh Indus Jammu & Kashmir
# Srinagar Jhelum Jammu &Kashmir
# Manali Beas Himachal Pradesh
# Shimla Sultej Himachal Pradesh
# Amritsar Beas Punjab
# Jabalpur Narmada Madhya Pradesh
# Delhi Yamuna Delhi
# Kota Chambal Rajasthan
# Jamshedpur Subarnarekha Jharkhand
# Cuttack Mahanadi Odisha
# Durgapur Damodar West Bengal
# Kanpur Ganga Uttar Pradesh
# Lucknow Gamoti Uttar Pradesh
# Surat Tapi Gujarat
# Ahmedabad Sabarmati Gujarat
# Vadodara Mahi Gujarat
# Ayodhya Saraya Uttar Pradesh
# Ujjain Shipra Madhya Pradesh
# Nashik Godavari Maharashtra
# Nagpur Wain Ganga Maharashtra
# Vijayawada Krishna Andhra Pradesh
# Goa Zuary Goa
# Panaji Mandavi Goa
# Srirangapatna Kaveri Karnataka
# Kochi Periyar Kerala
# Hyderabad Musi Telangana
# Varanasi Ganga Uttar Pradesh
# Tiruchirappalli Cauvery Tamil Nadu
# Sambalpur Mahanadi Odisha
# Patna Ganga Bihar
# Mathura Yamuna Uttar Pradesh
# Ludhiana Sutlej Punjab
# Kolkata Hooghly West Bengal
# Guwahati Brahmaputra Assam
# Dibrugarh Brahmaputra Assam
# Agra Yamuna Delhi
# Rourkela Brahmani Odisha
# Rangpo Teesta Sikkim
# Erode Kaveri Tamil Nadu
# Sangli Krishna Maharashtra
# Shimoga Tunga River Karnataka
# Bangalore Vrishabhavathi Karnataka
# Nizamabad Godavari Telangana
# Gwalior Chambal Madhya Pradesh
# Bhagalpur Ganga Bihar
# Badrinath Alaknanda Uttarakhand
# Ferozepur Sutlej Punjab

List of Riverside Cities in India state-wise

StateRiverside Cities
Uttar PradeshVaranasi, Allahabad, Agra, Mathura, Kanpur
West BengalKolkata, Haldia, Howrah
UttarakhandRishikesh, Haridwar
BiharPatna, Bhagalpur, Munger
GujaratAhmedabad, Bharuch
HaryanaPanipat, Karnal
PunjabLudhiana, Amritsar
Jammu and KashmirSrinagar, Baramulla
MaharashtraPune, Nashik
KarnatakaHampi, Bijapur
Andhra PradeshRajahmundry, Vijayawada
TelanganaHyderabad (on the banks of the Musi River)
Tamil NaduChennai, Tiruchirapalli, Madurai, Coimbatore
KeralaKochi, Alappuzha
OdishaCuttack, Bhubaneswar, Puri
AssamGuwahati, Dibrugarh
Madhya PradeshJabalpur, Ujjain
ChhattisgarhRaipur, Bhilai

Some of the most famous riverside cities in India:

Varanasi: Located on the banks of the Ganges River, Varanasi is one of the holiest cities in Hinduism. Millions of pilgrims visit Varanasi each year to bathe in the Ganges, which is believed to cleanse sins. The city is also known for its colorful ghats, which are steps leading down to the river.

Haridwar: Another holy city on the Ganges, Haridwar is known for its Kumbh Mela, a massive Hindu pilgrimage that takes place every 12 years. The city is also a popular starting point for treks in the Himalayas.

Rishikesh: Located upstream from Haridwar, Rishikesh is known as the “Yoga Capital of the World.” The city is home to many yoga ashrams and offers a variety of yoga and meditation classes.

Allahabad: Located at the confluence of the Ganges, Yamuna, and Saraswati rivers, Allahabad is another important pilgrimage city. The city is also known for its Kumbh Mela, which is even larger than the one in Haridwar.

Kolkata: Located on the Hooghly River, Kolkata is the capital of West Bengal and the third-largest city in India. The city is known for its colonial architecture, its vibrant culture, and its delicious food.

Chennai: Located on the Bay of Bengal, Chennai is the capital of Tamil Nadu and the fourth-largest city in India. The city is known for its beaches, its temples, and its Madras Cafe coffee.

Agra: Located on the banks of the Yamuna River, Agra is home to the Taj Mahal, one of the most famous monuments in the world. The city is also known for its other Mughal-era monuments, such as Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri.

Patna: Located on the banks of the Ganges River, Patna is the capital of Bihar. The city is known for its ancient history, its many temples, and its delicious food.

Guwahati: Located on the banks of the Brahmaputra River, Guwahati is the largest city in Assam. The city is known for its Kamakhya Temple, one of the most important Hindu pilgrimage sites in northeastern India.

Surat: Located on the banks of the Tapti River, Surat is the ninth-largest city in India. The city is known for its diamond industry, its textile industry, and its delicious food.

Important cities besides the rivers in India are very useful for any competitive examinations such as IAS, UPSC, SSC, CGL, Railway, Banking, etc. So in this post, I have updated all the major cities of India that have been developed on the banks of various rivers.

Facts about Indian Rivers:

  • Nine Major River Systems: India has nine major river systems, including the Ganges, Indus, Brahmaputra, Godavari, Krishna, Narmada, Tapi, Mahanadi, and Cauvery. These rivers, along with countless tributaries, form a complex web sustaining diverse ecosystems.
  • Holy Status: Many rivers like the Ganges and Yamuna hold immense religious significance in Hinduism, are considered sacred, and are believed to possess purifying powers. Millions participate in pilgrimages along their banks.
  • Pollution: Unfortunately, many rivers face severe pollution threats from industrial waste, agricultural runoff, and sewage, impacting water quality and aquatic life.
  • Largest Delta: The Ganges and Brahmaputra form the Sundarbans Delta, the world’s largest mangrove forest, teeming with unique wildlife.
  • Longest Waterfall: Kunchikal Falls in Karnataka, plunging 455 meters, is the highest waterfall in India.
  • Ancient Waterways: Rivers like the Ganges have served as trade routes for centuries, facilitating cultural exchange and economic development.


These cities not only have historical and cultural significance but also offer beautiful views of the rivers that flow alongside them.