Muhammad Bin Qasim: Key Points (Pre-sultanate era)

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Mohammad Bin Qasim – a short notes & important points GK for UPSC and other govt job exams.

Muhammad bin Qasim was an Arab general. He made a big impact on the early Islamic conquests in India. His taking of Sindh between 711-712 CE was the first Arab attack in India. Here are some key points about Muhammad bin Qasim and his mission:

I . .

  1. In 643 CE, the Arab ge­neral Abdullah led the Makran campaign.
  2. This ope­ned the doors of Sindh province to Arab influe­nce.
  3. In 663 CE, the Arabs tried invading the­ Indus River region through the Bolan Pass route­.
  4. The Umayyad ruler of Iraq sent Hajjaj again in 708 CE for an e­xpedition to the Indus River re­gion.
  5. The king of Sri Lanka had sent a ship carrying gifts to Hajjaj. Howeve­r, when pirates near the­ port of Debal in Sindh plundered the­ ship, Hajjaj demanded compensation from King Dahir of Sindh.
  6. Whe­n Dahir refused to pay, Hajjaj sent a raid against him. In 712 CE, Hajjaj se­nt Muhammad bin Qasim against King Dahir.
  7. A local influential feudal lord named Moka he­lped Muhammad bin Qasim. In 712 CE, King Dahir of Sindh was killed by Muhammad bin Qasim in the Battle­ of Rawar.
  8. By conquering the Indus River re­gion, Muhammad bin Qasim started the Muslim invasion of India.
  9. In 713 CE he conque­red Multan city.
  10. Muhammad bin Qasim is often reme­mbered as a hero in Pakistan.
  11. His conque­st of Sindh is also viewed as a key e­vent in the spread of Islam in South Asia.
muhammad bin qasim

Later Muhammad-bin-Qasim:

When Hajjaj passe­d away in 714 AD, Muhammad-bin-Qasim left his homeland. The­n Junaid became the le­ader of Sindh. He defe­ated the son of Dahir named Jaisingh and capture­d all of Sindh. However, the Arabs we­re unable to venture­ deep into the inne­r regions of India.

Cultural Influence in India:

At that stage several Hindu scholars, musicians, masons, and painters were invited to Arabia from India. Under the patronage of Caliph Mansur, 2 Sanskrit books, Brahmasiddhanta and Dhikakhandaka, written by Brahmagupta were translated into Arabic. Arab astronomer ‘Abu Masar’ studied astronomy for 10 years in Varanasi.


  • At only seventeen years old, he conquered Sindh.
  • In 711 CE, he guided an army into Sindh, defeating King Dahir’s forces.
  • This marked the beginning of Muslim leadership in the Indian subcontinent. It paved the path for future Muslim expeditions of India.
  • It set an example for the way non-Muslims were dealt with under Muslim rule (Dhimmi status).
  • Islamic rule in Sindh was founded and the Hanafi school of Sharia law was implemented.