Mountain Passes in India – List [PDF]

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By: SAM
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India is home to numerous mountain passes, many of which are important for transportation and connect different regions. Here is a list of some notable mountain passes in India:

A Comprehensive List of Mountain Passes in India

India’s diverse landscape boasts numerous mountain ranges, offering a treasure trove of stunning mountain passes. These passes not only connect valleys and regions but also serve as testaments to human ingenuity and engineering marvels. Here are some of the most prominent and breathtaking mountain passes in India:

Mountain Passes in India in Tabular Form

SlMountain PassConnects betweenLocation
1Zozi La PassSrinagar to LehJammu Kashmir
2Burzi La PassSrinagar to KargilJammu Kashmir
3Khardung La PassLeh to SiachenJammu Kashmir
4Banihal PassJammu to SrinagarJammu Kashmir
5Sipki La PassShimla to TibetHimachal Pradesh
6Bara La Cha PassManali to LehHimachal Pradesh
7Rohtang PassKullu to SpitiHimachal Pradesh
8Lipulekh PassDehradun to TibetUttarakhand
9Niti PassDehradun to TibetUttarakhand
10Mana PassDehradun to TibetUttrakhand
11Nathula PassGangtok to TibetSikkim
12Jelep La PassGangtok to TibetSikkim
13Bomdi La PassItanagar to TibbetArunachal Pradesh
14PalghatWestern Ghat to Eastern GhatKerala
15Thal GhatMumbai to NashikMaharashtra
16Bhor GhatMumbai to PuneMaharashtra

These passes are crucial for trade, transportation, and strategic purposes, especially in the mountainous regions of the Indian subcontinent.

1. Zoji La Pass:

It connects from Srinagar to Leh. It is situated in the principal Himalayan Mountain Range in Jammu and Kashmir State of India. Its elevation is about 3,500 meters. It is traversed by the Srinagar-Leh Highway.

2. Burzi la Pass:

It connects Srinagar to Kargil. It is also situated in Jammu and Kashmir. This is the oldest pass route in India. Its elevation is about 4,000 m. The length of this pass is about 260 km.

3. Khardungla Pass:

It connects Leh to Siachen. It is situated in Jammu and Kashmir. Its elevation is about 5350 meters. This is the world’s highest motorable pass. This pass opens in all seasons except winter. The length of this pass is about 154 km.

4. Banihal Pass:

It connects Jammu to Srinagar through the Jawahar Tunnel. It is located in Jammu and Kashmir across the Pir Panjal Range. It is 270 km long and its elevation is about 2,800 m.

5. Shipki La Pass.

It connects Simla to Tibet. It is located in the state of Himachal Pradesh along the border of India and China. Its elevation is about 4000 meters. It is traversed by the National Highway, NH22.

6. Baralacha la Pass:

It connects Manali to Leh. It is also located in the Zanskar range in the state of Himachal Pradesh in India. Its elevation and length are about 5000 m and 472 km respectively.

7. Rohtang Pass:

It connects Kullu to Spiti. It is situated in Himachal Pradesh on the Pir Panjal Range of the Himalayas. The length of this pass is about 238 km. Its elevation is about 4000 meters.

8. Lipulekh Pass:

It connects Dehradun to Tibet. It is situated in the Uttarakhand state of India. Its elevation is about 5,200 meters. It is the border between India and China. This pass is important for the pilgrims to reach Mansarovar. It is about 332 km long.

9. Niti Pass:

It also connects Dehradun to Tibet and it is located in Uttarakhand. Its elevation is about 5,200 meters. Nanda Devi National Park is located along this pass.

10. Mana Pass:

It also connects Dehradun to Tibet. It is located in Uttarakhand along with the Indian and Chinese border. Its elevation is about 5,500 meters. This pass was an ancient trade route between India and Tibet.

11. Nathula Pass:

It is located in Sikkim. It connects Gangtok to Tibet. Its elevation is about 300 meters. I can be traversed by the Old Silk Route.

12. Jelep La Pass:

It also connects Gangtok to Lhasa, the capital of Tibet. It is located in the Sikkim state of India along the India-China border. Its elevation is about 4,200 meters. It is about 350 km long.

13. Bomdi La Pass:

It connects Itanagar to Tibet. It is situated in Arunachal Pradesh.

14. Palghat Pass

It connects Western Ghat to Eastern Ghat. It is situated in Kerala.

15. Thal Ghat Pass

It connects Mumbai to Nashik. It is situated in Maharashtra.

16. Bhor Ghat

It connects Mumbai to Pune. It is also situated in Maharashtra.


These are just a few of the many incredible mountain passes scattered across India’s diverse landscape. Each pass offers unique experiences, breathtaking views, and challenges, making them ideal destinations for adventure seekers, nature enthusiasts, and travelers seeking a glimpse into the beauty and spirit of the Himalayas.