National Parks in Himachal Pradesh
What is a National Park?
National Parks are basically an area of the countryside protected by the state or the central govt. for the enjoyment of the general public or the preservation of wildlife under sec.35. or sec.38 or deemed, under sub-section (3) of sec.66.
Himachal Pradesh, a northern state in India, is known for its breathtaking natural beauty and is home to several national parks and wildlife sanctuaries. Here are some of the national parks in Himachal Pradesh:
TOP 5 National Parks in Himachal Pradesh
|Sl No.||Name||Established||District||Area sq km||Famous For|
|1||Great Himalayan National Park||1984||Kulu||1,171||blue sheep, snow leopard, Himalayan brown bear|
|2||Pin Valley National Park||1987||Lahaul & Spiti||675||Snow Leopard.|
|3||Inderkilla National Park||2010||Kullu||100||Tiger|
|4||Khir ganga National Park||2010||Kullu||720||Various Animals|
|5||Simbalbara National Park||2010||Sirmour||30||Rhesus Macaque, Leopard, Indian Muntjac|
The Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP)
The Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP) is one of the most prominent national parks in Himachal Pradesh, India, and it has also been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2014. Here is some detailed information about the Great Himalayan National Park:
- Location: GHNP is located in the western part of the Himalayan range in Himachal Pradesh. It spans across the Kullu district and parts of the Shimla and Sirmour districts. The park covers an area of approximately 1,171 square kilometers.
- Establishment: It was established as a national park in 1984 and later designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2014. The park was created with the primary objective of conserving the unique biodiversity of the Western Himalayas.
- Biodiversity: GHNP is known for its incredible biodiversity, which includes a wide variety of flora and fauna. It is home to numerous species of mammals, birds, and plants. Some of the notable wildlife species found in the park include the elusive snow leopard, Himalayan brown bear, blue sheep (bharal), musk deer, and various pheasants like the western tragopan.
Pin Valley National Park
Pin Valley National Park is a stunning national park located in the Spiti Valley of Himachal Pradesh, India. Here is some detailed information about Pin Valley National Park:
- Location: Pin Valley National Park is situated in the Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh. It is located in the cold desert region of the Spiti Valley, which is part of the Trans-Himalayan mountain range.
- Establishment: The park was established in 1987 and is known for its unique high-altitude desert ecosystem. It covers an area of approximately 675 square kilometers.
- Biodiversity: Pin Valley National Park is renowned for its diverse flora and fauna, adapted to the harsh cold desert environment. The park is home to various species of animals, including the elusive snow leopard, Siberian ibex, Tibetan gazelle, red fox, and Himalayan blue sheep (bharal). It’s also an important area for birdwatching, with species like the snow cock, chukar, and golden eagle being spotted.
Inderkilla National Park
Inderkilla National Park, also known as Inderkilla Wildlife Sanctuary, is a protected area located in the Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh, India. Here is some detailed information about Inderkilla National Park:
- Location: Inderkilla National Park is situated in the Western Himalayas, in the Kullu Valley of Himachal Pradesh. It covers a region in and around the Great Himalayan National Park and forms part of the larger conservation landscape in the region.
- Establishment: The park was notified as a wildlife sanctuary in 2010. It is relatively newer compared to some of the other national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in Himachal Pradesh.
- Biodiversity: Inderkilla National Park is characterized by its rich biodiversity, and it is home to a variety of wildlife species. While it may not have the same level of fame as some other national parks in the state, it plays an important role in the conservation of the Western Himalayan ecosystem. The park is home to species like the Himalayan tahr, musk deer, Himalayan brown bear, leopard, and numerous bird species.
Khir ganga National Park
- Establishment: In Himachal Pradesh, India, a national park named Khirganga National Park was established in 2010.
- Location: The park, which is in Kullu, has a total size of roughly 710 square kilometers (270 sq mi).
- Biodiversity: There are a few rare animal species in Khirganga National Park. Goral, the musk deer, blue sheep, Himalayan brown bear, Himalayan tahr, and the snow leopard are among them.
Simbalbara National Park
Simbalbara National Park is a national park located in the Sirmour district of Himachal Pradesh, India. Here’s some detailed information about Simbalbara National Park:
- Location: Simbalbara National Park is situated in the southwestern part of Himachal Pradesh, near the town of Nahan in the Sirmour district. It covers an area of approximately 27.88 square kilometers.
- Establishment: The park was officially established in 1958 and is known for its lush sal forests and diverse wildlife.
- Biodiversity: Simbalbara National Park is rich in biodiversity and provides habitat to various species of flora and fauna. Some of the notable wildlife species found in the park include leopards, barking deer, Himalayan black bears, goral, and numerous bird species. The park’s dense sal forests are a significant feature of its ecosystem.
list Wildlife Sanctuaries of Himachal Pradesh
WLS = Wildlife Sanctuarie
|Gamgul Siahbehi WLS||109||1974|
|Govind Sagar WLS||100||1962|
|Kalatop Khajjiar WLS||30||1949|
|Lippa Asrang WLS||349||1962|
|Maharana Pratap Sagar WLS||3207||1983|
|Naina Devi WLS||123||1962|
|Rupi Bhaba WLS||269||1982|
|Sechu Tuan Nala WLS||1043||1974|
|Shikari Devi WLS||72||1974|
|Shimla Water Catchment WLS||10||1958|