Chief Minister (India)
In the Republic of India, the Chief Minister is the elected head of 29 States and 2 Union Territories (Delhi, Pondicherry).
Usually, the leader of the majority party in the assembly has to be appointed as the chief minister. ‘The Governor will appoint the Chief Minister and administer the oath.
According to the constitution, the governor is the constitutional head (de jure head) of the state. However, the real power is vested to the chief minister i.e. de facto powers is rest to him/her.
There is no special provision in the constitution regarding the appointment of the Chief Minister. However, as per the directions of the Constitution, the Chief Minister is appointed by the Governor (Article 164 (1)).
The Cabinet of Chief Ministers will be jointly responsible to the Legislative Assembly.
Term of the office of Chief Minister
The tenure/holding of office of the Chief Minister is 5 years. However, there is no limit to the number of times a Chief Minister can be re-elected.
Eligibility for Chief Minister
To become a Chief Minister of a state, the following eligibility or the conditions are required.
- The person eligible for the post of Chief Minister must be an Indian citizen.
- The Chief Minister must be a member of the State Legislature. If someone is not a member of the legislature, he must be a member within 6 months.
- Must be at least 25 years of age.
Power and Function of a Chief Minister
- Chief Minister is the Leader of the Legislative Assembly.
- Chief Minister is the leader of the cabinet.
- Chief Minister is the leader of the majority party.
- He/She is also a Chief Advisor to the Governor.
The governor appoints the minister in the Legislative Assembly on the advice of the Chief Minister.
The chief minister constructs the ministry or makes a list of ministers to assign various departments and suggests the governor appoints those officers.
The chief minister may ask his/her colleagues to resign. The governor dismissed those members with the recommendation of the Chief Minister.
The Chief Minister presides over a meeting as a chairman of the Cabinet and also controls the agenda of the cabinet.
Chief minister can impose his/her decisions for any agenda.
The chief minister allows his/her colleagues for the implementation of a policy.
The chief minister creates coordination with the governor to work with the various departments for the development of the state.
Salary of Chief Minister
The salaries and allowances of the Chief Minister and other Ministers will be fixed by the concerned State Legislative Assembly as per Article 164. In other words, the salary of the Chief Minister varies according to the state.
Removal of CM
The no-confidence motion against the Chief Minister should be passed in the state assembly. In order to bring a no-confidence motion, it is necessary to get the signatures of 2/3 of the members of the opposition. Subject to the Governor’s permission, the no-confidence motion against the Chief Minister should be passed in the Legislative Assembly and therefore the Chief Minister, as well as other ministers, could be removed from their posts.
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Notes: Parliament of India
Notes: Attorney General of India
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