The fundamental duty is the moral responsibility of all citizens. Their purpose is to awaken patriotism among the people of the country and maintain the country’s unity. These duties described in Part IV of the Constitution, apply to every individual in the country. Like the Directive Principle, they are not subject to judicial review.
The constitution of India does not talk about the fundamental duties of its citizens. The resolution adopted by the Karachi Congress (in 1931) impersonate fundamental rights as well as the fundamental duties of citizens. The 42nd Amendment to the Indian Constitution was ratified in 1976, and it incorporated the fundamental duties of citizens into the Indian Constitution. The Swaran Singh Committee helps to add to the fundamental duties. For this purpose, a new chapter called Part IV-A and a new article 51-A were created.
Articles 51-A mentions 10 fundamental duties of citizens. But another fundamental duty was added in 2002 through the 86th amendment to the constitution. As a result, the number of fundamental duties is now eleven.
#The fundamental duties of Indian citizens are:
- The constitution must be obeyed and the ideals of the constitution, institutions, national flag and national anthem must be respected.
- The great ideals that inspired the national movements for the independence of the country must be traversed and followed.
- India’s sovereignty, unity and solidarity must be supported and preserved. ‘
- If you are called for engaging in national defense and national service, you have to respond.
- Unity and brotherhood among all Indians should be extended beyond religious, linguistic, regional or cast system and all practices that undermine the dignity of women should be avoided.
- The glorious heritage of our country’s mixed culture must be valued and preserved.
- Conservation and improvement of the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, wildlife and love for animals should be expressed.
- We have to spread scientific outlook, humanitarianism, curiosity and reformist attitude.
- National property must be maintained or preserved and the path of violence must be avoided.
- In order to maintain the excellence and speed of national development, should strive for ultimate excellence by all individual and collective activities.
- Under the 86th Amendment Act of 2002, the newly added duty is to provide for the education of every child between the ages of six and fourteen.
# The Verma Committee (1999)
The Verma Committee in 1999 regarding the Fundamental Duties of Citizens identifies some of the existing laws that are conducive to the implementation of fundamental duties. Such as –
(A) The Representation of People Act, 1951)
(B) Untouchability Offenses Act, 1955
(C) Prevention of Illegal Acts Act, 1967.
(D) The Prevention of Insult to National Honor Act of 1971
(E) Prohibition of trade in rare and endangered wild animals Act 1972.
(F) Prohibition of reckless deforestation and use of forest land for other purposes Act 1980.
Notes: Directive Principle of State Policy
Notes: Fundamental Rights – GK
Fundamental Duties [GK PDF Notes] Download
Fundamental Duties of Indian Constitution – a conspicuous general knowledge notes (include PDF) for all kind of competitive govt job examinations such as IAS, UPSC, SSC, CGL, WBCS, Banking, Railway, etc.