GK> Important Amendments of Indian Constitution -List [PDF]

Photo of author

6 Minutes Read

List of important amendments of the Indian Constitution for UPSC, IAS, SSC and other competitive government job examinations.

Important Amendments of the Constitution of India-List [PDF] for UPSC SSC PSC: Here, you will find a list of important amendments to the Indian Constitution. The Constitution of India has been amended 104 times since it was enacted on January 26, 1950. In the year 1951 after the constitution was enacted, the first amendment was passed in the parliament.

Important Amendments for UPSC

A few Important Amendments to the Indian Constitution

  • First Amendment (1951):
    • Added reasonable restrictions to freedom of speech and expression.
    • Introduced Article 15(4) and Article 19(6) for reservations in educational institutions and public employment for socially and educationally backward classes.
  • Seventh Amendment (1956):
    • Reorganized states along linguistic lines.
    • Amended the First Schedule and Fourth Schedule accordingly.
  • Tenth Amendment (1961):
    • Extended the term of reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies for another ten years.
  • Twenty-fourth Amendment (1971):
    • Limited the power of the judiciary to review amendments to the Constitution.
  • Forty-second Amendment (1976):
    • Added “Socialist,” “Secular,” and “Integrity” to the Preamble.
    • Made several changes related to fundamental rights and curtailed judicial review.
  • Forty-fourth Amendment (1978):
    • Restored many civil liberties curtailed by the Forty-Second Amendment.
    • Clarified that the right to property is no longer a fundamental right but a legal right.
  • Seventy-third Amendment (1992):
    • Provided constitutional recognition to Panchayats.
    • Aimed at decentralization of power.
  • Seventy-fourth Amendment (1992):
    • Provided constitutional recognition to Municipalities.
    • Aimed at urban decentralization.
  • Ninety-third Amendment (2005):
    • Introduced reservations in private educational institutions.
    • Made education for children aged 6 to 14 a fundamental right.
  • One Hundredth Amendment (2015):
    • Facilitated the exchange of territories between India and Bangladesh through the Land Boundary Agreement.
  • One Hundred and First Amendment (2016):
    • Introduced the Goods and Services Tax (GST), a significant tax reform in India.
1st Amendment1951This amendment empowered the State to make special provisions for the advancement of socially and economically backward classes.
Added Ninth Schedule.
7th Amendment1956Abolished the existing classification of states ( Part A, B, C, D) and reorganized them into 14 States and 6 Union Territories. [Read State Reorganization Commission.]
10th Amendment1961Incorporated Dadra and Nagar Haveli as Union Territory.
15th Amendment1963The right to Property was taken away from the list of Fundamental Rights.
in article 352 regarding National Emergency, the word “internal disturbance” was substituted by the words “armed rebellion “
21st Amendment1967The Sindhi language was included as the 15th regional language in the Eighth Schedule.
26th Amendment1971Abolished the Privy Purses.
31st Amendment1973This amendment raised the age of retirement of a Judge of the High Court from 60 to 62.
36th Amendment1975Made Sikkim a full-fledged state of the Union of India.
42nd Amendment1976It is known as “THE MINI CONSTITUTION 
In this amendment inserted three words ( Socialist, Secular, and Integrity ) in the Preamble.
Fundamental Duties were added in Part IV-A.
The tenure of the Lok Sabha and the State Legislative Assemblies was increased from 5 years to 6 years.
It made it obligatory for the President to act on the advice of the Council of Ministers.
43rd Amendment1977This amendment restored the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court and the High Courts in respect of judicial review which had been curtailed under the 42nd amendment.
44th Amendment1978Right to Property was taken away from the list of Fundamental Rights.
in article 352 regarding National Emergency, the word “internal disturbance” was substituted by the words “armed rebellion “
52nd Amendment1985This amendment added the tenth Schedule to the Constitution. ( anti-defection law)
56th Amendment1987Goa became a full-fledged state.
58th Amendment1987The President of India provided an authoritative text of the Constitution in Hindi to the people of India.
61st Amendment1988Reduced the voting age from 21 to 18.
65th Amendment1990The office of a special officer for SCs and STs was abolished, and a multi-member National Commission for SC/ST was formed.
69th Amendment1991This amendment designated the Union Territory of Delhi as the National Capital Territory.
70th Amendment1992This amendment included members of legislative assemblies of Union Territories of Delhi and Pondicherry in the electoral college for the election of the President.
71st Amendment1992It included Manipuri, Konkani and Nepalese languages in the 8th Schedule.
73rd Amendment1992Panchayati Raj institutions got constitutional status.
Addition of a new Part IX entitled “the Panchayats “
Addition of Eleventh Schedule on the matters of the panchayat.
74th Amendment1992Municipalities or urban local bodies got constitutional status.
Addition of a new Part IX A entitled “the municipalities
Addition of Twelfth Schedule for Municipalities.
81st Amendment2000This amendment ended the 50 percent ceiling on the reservation in the backlog vacancies.
86th Amendment2002The addition of Article 21A states that the right of education for children of the age of 6 to 14 years is a Fundamental Right. (RIGHT TO EDUCATION)
91st Amendment2003States that the size of Ministries including the Prime Minister in the Union or Chief Minister in the State Legislative Assemblies shall not exceed 15 percent of the total members of the Lok Sabha in the Centre or Vidhansabha in the States.
92nd Amendment2003Inserted four new languages ( Bodo, Dogri, Maithili, and Santhali )in the Eighth Schedule.
96th Amendment2011Substituted the word “Oriya” with the word “Odia “.
97th Amendment2011This amendment gave constitutional status to CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES.
98th Amendment2012Inserted Article 371 J. (Special provisions concerning the State of Karnataka )
99th Amendment2014This amendment gave effect to India’s acquiring of certain territories and the transfer of certain other territories to Bangladesh (CHHITMAHAL).
100th Amendment2015This amendment gave effect to India’s acquiring of certain territories and the transfer of certain other territories to Bangladesh (CHHITMAHAL).
101st Amendment2016GST (Goods and Services Tax)
102nd Amendment2018This amendment gave constitutional status to the National Commission for Backward Classes.
103rd Amendment2019A maximum of 10 percent reservation for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS)
104th Amendment2020The reservation of seats in the Lok Sabha for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes has been increased from seventy to eighty years. The reserved seats for the Anglo-Indian community in the Lok Sabha and the State Legislative Assembly have been removed. Article 334 has been amended for this.
List of important amendments
Total No of Amendments104 Download
Total No of Articles in COI448 Download
Total No of Schedules12 Download
Total No of Parts of COI25 Download
List of important amendments

A bill to amend the Constitution of India can only be raised in Parliament. The bill can be raised in any house of Parliament. But no bill to amend the constitution can be raised in the state assembly. The Central Government or any Member of Parliament from any house of Parliament can accept a proposal to amend the Constitution through a Bill. A Bill that the government of India raises is called a Government bill and the bill that an MP raises privately is called a Private bill.