Important Amendments of the Constitution of India-List [PDF] for UPSC SSC PSC: Here, you will find a list of important amendments to the Indian Constitution. The Constitution of India has been amended 104 times since it was enacted on January 26, 1950. In the year 1951 after the constitution was enacted , the first amendment was passed in the parliament.
Important Amendments for UPSC SSC
|1st Amendment||1951||This amendment empowered the State to make special provisions for the advancement of socially and economically backward classes.|
Added Ninth Schedule.
|7th Amendment||1956||Abolished the existing classification of states ( Part A, B, C, D) and reorganized them into 14 States and 6 Union Territories. [Read State Reorganization Commission.]|
|10th Amendment||1961||Incorporated Dadra and Nagar Haveli as Union Territory.|
|15th Amendment||1963||This amendment raised the age of retirement of a Judge of High Court from 60 to 62.|
|21st Amendment||1967||The Sindhi language was included as the 15th regional language in the Eighth Schedule.|
|26th Amendment||1971||Abolished the Privy Purses.|
|31st Amendment||1973||Seats of the Lok Sabha increased from 525 to 545 and decreased the representation of Union Territories in Lok Sabha from 25 to 20.|
|36th Amendment||1975||Made Sikkim a full-fledged state of the Union of India.|
|42nd Amendment||1976||It is known as “THE MINI CONSTITUTION “|
In this amendment inserted three words ( Socialist, Secular, and Integrity ) in the Preamble.
Fundamental Duties were added in Part IV-A.
Tenure of the Lok Sabha and the State Legislative Assemblies was increased from 5 years to 6 years.
It made it obligatory for the President to act on the advice of the Council of Ministers.
|43rd Amendment||1977||This amendment restored the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court and the High Courts in respect of judicial review which had been curtailed under the 42nd amendment.|
|44th Amendment||1978||Right to Property was taken away from the list of Fundamental Rights.|
in article 352 regarding National Emergency, the word “internal disturbance” were substituted by the words “armed rebellion “
|52nd Amendment||1985||This amendment added the tenth Schedule to the Constitution. ( anti-defection law)|
|56th Amendment||1987||Goa became a full-fledged state.|
|58th Amendment||1987||The President of India provided an authoritative text of the Constitution in Hindi to the people of India.|
|61st Amendment||1988||Reduced the voting age from 21 to 18.|
|65th Amendment||1990||The office of a special officer for SCs and STs was abolished, and a multi-member National Commission for SC/ST was formed.|
|69th Amendment||1991||This amendment designated the Union Territory of Delhi as the National Capital Territory.|
|70th Amendment||1992||This amendment included members of legislative assemblies of Union Territories of Delhi and Pondicherry in the electoral college for the election of the President.|
|71st Amendment||1992||It included Manipuri, Konkani and Nepalese languages in the 8th Schedule.|
|73rd Amendment||1992||Panchayati Raj institutions got constitutional status.|
Addition of a new Part IX entitled “the Panchayats “
Addition of Eleventh Schedule on the matters of the panchayat.
|74th Amendment||1992||Municipalities or urban local bodies got constitutional status.|
Addition of a new Part IX A entitled “the municipalities “
Addition of Twelfth Schedule for Municipalities.
|81st Amendment||2000||This amendment ended the 50 percent ceiling on the reservation in the backlog vacancies.|
|86th Amendment||2002||The addition of Article 21A states that the right of education for children of the age of 6 to 14 years is a Fundamental Right. (RIGHT TO EDUCATION)|
|91st Amendment||2003||States that the size of Ministries including the Prime Minister in the Union or Chief Minister in the State Legislative Assemblies shall not exceed 15 percent of the total members of the Lok Sabha in the Centre or Vidhansabha in the States.|
|92nd Amendment||2003||Inserted four new languages ( Bodo, Dogri, Maithili, and Santhali )in the Eighth Schedule.|
|96th Amendment||2011||Substituted the word “Oriya” with the word “Odia “.|
|97th Amendment||2011||This amendment gave constitutional status to CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES.|
|98th Amendment||2012||Inserted Article 371 J.( Special provisions concerning the State of Karnataka )|
|99th Amendment||2014||This amendment gave effect to India’s acquiring of certain territories and the transfer of certain other territories to Bangladesh (CHHITMAHAL).|
|100th Amendment||2015||This amendment gave effect to India’s acquiring of certain territories and the transfer of certain other territories to Bangladesh (CHHITMAHAL).|
|101st Amendment||2016||GST (Goods and Services Tax)|
|102nd Amendment||2018||This amendment gave constitutional status to the National Commission for Backward Classes.|
|103rd Amendment||2019||A maximum of 10 percent reservation for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS)|
|104th Amendment||2020||The reservation of seats in the Lok Sabha for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes has been increased from seventy to eighty years. The reserved seats for the Anglo-Indian community in the Lok Sabha and the State Legislative Assembly have been removed. Article 334 has been amended for this.|
|Total No of Amendments||104 Download|
|Total No of Articles in COI||448 Download|
|Total No of Schedules||12 Download|
|Total No of Parts of COI||25 Download|
A bill to amend the Constitution of India can only be raised in Parliament. The bill can be raised in any house of Parliament. But no bill to amend the constitution can be raised in the state assembly. The Central Government or any Member of Parliament from any house of Parliament can accept a proposal to amend the Constitution through a Bill. Bill that the government of India raises is called a Government bill and the bill that an MP raises privately is called a Private bill.