Important Research Centres and Locations in India – List

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India is home to numerous research centers and institutions that contribute significantly to scientific, technological, and academic advancements.

India boasts a vibrant and diverse research landscape, with numerous important research centers spread across the country. These centers contribute significantly to advancements in various fields, from agriculture and medicine to space exploration and renewable energy. Here are some of the most notable research centers in India, along with their locations:

A country’s economy and growth depend on its various institutes and research centers where all indigenous development is made possible. A large number of institutes and research centers are created to make the economic, agricultural, and defense sectors more strong.

When it comes to preparing for the UPSC exam, understanding India’s important research centers and their locations can be quite beneficial. These hubs of knowledge contribute significantly to various fields relevant to the UPSC syllabus, offering insights into current advancements and issues.

List of Important Research Institutes In India

NO.Name of Research CentresLocation/HQEstablished
1Indian Agriculture Research InstituteNew Delhi1st April 1905
2Central Potato Research InstituteShimla1st April, 1935
3Indian Lac Research InstituteRanchi1924
4Central Mining Research InstituteDhanbad —
5Central Rice Research InstituteCuttack23 April 1946
6Central Tobacco Research InstituteRajahmundry
7National Dairy Research InstituteKarnal (Haryana)1923
8Central Sugarcane Research InstituteCoimbatore1952
9Central Road Research InstituteNew Delhi1952
10Central Institute of Mining and Fuel ResearchDhanbad
11National sugar Research InstituteKanpur1936
12Central Leather Research InstituteChennai1948
13Central Drug Research InstituteLucknow1951
14Central Salt and Marine Chemical Research InstituteBhavnagar10 April 1954
15Textile Research InstituteAhmadabad11 February 1961
16National Geophysical Research InstituteHyderabad1961
17Indian Meteorological ObservatoryPune & Delhi1875
18Archaeological Survey of IndiaKolkata1861
19All Indian Institute of Medical ScienceNew Delhi1956
20Indian Institute of PetroleumDehradun1960
21Raman Research InstituteBangalore1948
22Central Jute Technological Research InstituteKolkata1953
23National Aeronautical LaboratoryBangalore1959
24Central Building Research InstituteRoorkee1947
25Central Scientific Industrial OrganisationChandigarh26 Sept 1942
26Central Coconut Research InstituteKasergod, Kerala1948
27National Institute of OceanographyPanajiJanuary 1, 1966
28Tata Institute of Fundamental ResearchMumbai1 June 1945
29High Altitude Research LaboratoryGulmarg1963
30Central Electro–Chemical Research InstituteKaraikudi (Tamil Nadu)1953
31Centre for Cellular and Molecular BiologyHyderabad1977
32National Botanical Research InstituteLucknow —
33Indian Institute of Chemical BiologyKolkata1935
34 Vikram Sarabhai Space CentreThiruvananthapuramNov 21, 1963
35Central Food Technological Research InstituteMysore21 October 1950
36Industrial Toxicology Research CentreLucknow1965
37Uranium Corporation of IndiaJadugoda1967
38Central Glass and Ceramic Research InstituteKolkata1950
38National Environmental Engineering Research InstituteNagpur1958
40Central Mechanical Engineering Research InstituteDurgapurFeb 26, 1958
41National Institute of Communicable DiseasesDelhi1909
42National Institute of VirologyPune1952

Science and Technology:

  • Indian Institute of Science (IISc) – Bangalore, Karnataka: Renowned for fundamental research in physics, mathematics, engineering, and more.
  • Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) – Mumbai, Maharashtra: Leading center for basic research in physics, chemistry, biology, and mathematics.
  • Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) – Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala: Responsible for India’s space program, including satellite launches and missions.
  • Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) – Delhi: Develops various defense technologies for the Indian Armed Forces.
  • Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) – Mumbai, Maharashtra: Responsible for India’s nuclear energy program and research in related fields.

Social Sciences and Humanities:

  • Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) – Delhi: Renowned for research in international studies, history, economics, and social sciences.
  • Indian Institute of Social Sciences (IISS) – Delhi: Focuses on research in social development, public policy, and social change.
  • Centre for Studies in Social Sciences (CSS) – Kolkata, West Bengal: Conducts research in social anthropology, sociology, and economics.
  • Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR) – Delhi: Promotes historical research and documentation in India.
  • Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR) – Delhi: Provides grants and funding for social science research in India.

Agriculture and Environment:

  • Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) – Delhi: Promotes agricultural research and development across the country.
  • National Centre for Agricultural Science (NCAS) – Delhi: Conducts research on agricultural technologies and extension services.
  • Central Soil Salinity Research Institute (CSSRI) – Karnal, Haryana: Focuses on research and solutions for soil salinity and land degradation.
  • Indian Institute of Ecology and Environment (IIEE) – Delhi: Conducts research on environmental issues and sustainable development.
  • Forest Research Institute (FRI) – Dehradun, Uttarakhand: Leading institute for forestry research and development in India.

Health and Medicine:

  • Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) – Delhi: Promotes medical research and development in India.
  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) – Delhi: Premier medical institute offering advanced healthcare and research facilities.
  • National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro-sciences (NIMHANS) – Bangalore, Karnataka: Leading institute for mental health research and treatment.
  • National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) – Delhi: Monitors and prevents infectious diseases in India.
  • King Edward Memorial Hospital (KEM) – Mumbai, Maharashtra: Renowned medical college and hospital conducting research in various medical fields.

These are just a few examples, and India has numerous other research institutions across various disciplines. The country has a vibrant scientific community that actively engages in cutting-edge research and innovation.

Dear aspirants, in this post, I have enlisted the top research institutes in India and of course, their locations / Headquarters with establishment time are important for your upcoming government jobs examinations like IAS, SSC, Railway, and Banking.