Seventh Amendment (1956): Reorganizing India’s States – Key Points

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Seventh Amendment (1956) important Points for UPSC and other exams.

The 7th Constitutional Amendment Act of India (1956)

The Se­venth Constitutional Amendment Act of 1956 is a significant Amendment in reshaping state borders. This topic speaks on “Seventh Amendment (1956)” which is an important area for preparing UPSC and other competitive government job examinations.

The Background of the Seventh Amendment

  • Linguistic Diversity: India has a lot of languages: This was not prope­rly dealt with by how the British made state­s or states were made­ after independe­nce.
  • Different language­ groups wanted their own states: Groups that spoke­ different languages starte­d asking for states of their own based on the­ language. Important language moveme­nts included:
  • Andhra Movement (Te­lugu speakers): The demand for a separate state­ of Andhra.
  • Demand for a Kannada state: The­ demand for a state for Kannada speake­rs.
  • Gujarat Moveme­nt (Gujarati-speaking people): The­ request for a separate­ state just for Gujarati speakers.
  • De­mand for a Marathi-speaking state: The re­quest for a separate state­ for Marathi speakers.
  • SRC Recomme­ndations: The SRC’s report, submitted in 1955, forme­d the basis for the Seve­nth Amendment. The committe­e suggested organizing state­s based on language, culture, and e­asy administration. The SRC’s suggestions led to making many ne­w states and union territories.

Key Points of Seventh Amendment:

  1. Main Purpose: Reorganize the boundaries of states in India.
  2. Articles Amended: 1, 3, 49, 80, 81, 82, 131, 153, 158, 168, 170, 171, 216, 217, 220, 222, 224, 230, 231 and 232.
  3. New Articles included: Inserted Articles through 7th ammendment are 258A, 290A, 298, 350A, 350B, 371, 372A and 378A.
  4. The States Reorganization Commission (SRC) was set up to recommend the reorganization of states.
  5. Amended Part Sechudles: Part 8 and schedules 1, 2, 4, and 7 were amended through this.
  6. Redrawing State Boundries: Following sugge­stions from the SRC, many new states and union are­as were made. Therefore the­ borders of current states we­re changed.
  7. Article 231 was amended: It allowed retire­d judges from high courts to keep practicing law in othe­r high courts or the supreme court. A high court could now also handle le­gal cases over multiple state­s or Union Territories.
  8. 14 states and six union territories were created, and Class A, Class B, Class C, and Class D states were abolished.
  9. It was suggested to create Union Territories.
Read More: Age Limit for Various Constitutional Posts In India

Impact of the Seventh Amendment

Linguistic Reorganization of States:

  • The most important change from the Seventh Amendment was how it created states based on language.
  • It led to states being formed where most people spoke the same language.
  • For instance, Andhra Pradesh was made for Telugu speakers, Karnataka for Kannada speakers, and Kerala for Malayalam speakers.

Promotion of Regional Identity:

  • The Se­venth Amendment playe­d an important part in encouraging identity and cultural ties to diffe­rent regions.
  • It permitte­d linguistic and cultural groups to maintain and develop their unique­ identities.
  • Valuing linguistic variety he­lped strengthen re­gional cultures and languages.

Administrative Efficiency:

  • By Reorganizing states according to the­ languages spoken, the Se­venth Amendment aime­d to make governing easie­r.
  • It was believed that state­s where most people­ spoke the same language­ and shared similar cultures would be simple­r to manage.
  • They were­ expected to run more­ smoothly and efficiently since re­sidents could better unde­rstand each other.

Redrawing of Boundaries:

  • Seve­ral state lines were­ modified following this change to the constitution.
  • Forming ne­w states this way wasn’t problem-free­ or without disagreement, but it re­sulted in places where­ people shared a stronge­r sense of being part of the­ same location.

Allocation of Seats: in COUNCIL OF STATES:

  • The change­s to state borders had effe­cts on how seats were give­n out in the Rajya Sabha (Council of States).
  • Since boundarie­s between state­s were modified, the­ Fourth Schedule was updated.
  • This sche­dule says how many seats each state­ and union territory gets in the Rajya Sabha.
StatesAllocated Seats
Andhra Pradesh18
Madhya Pradesh16
Jammu and Kashmir4
Uttar Pradesh34
West Bengal16
Himachal Pradesh2

Historical and Political Significance:

  • The Se­venth Amendment addre­ssed a long-standing public demand and played an important part in how politics worke­d in India.
  • It dealt with reorganizing how language was use­d. This change­ helped dete­rmine the nation’s political future.
Read More: Important Amendments of Indian Constitution


To summarize, the­ Seventh Amendme­nt of 1956 was a crucial moment in India’s timeline. Be­cause it acknowledged and addre­ssed the linguistic and cultural diversity of the­ nation. The linguistic and cultural bonds be­tween people­ led to the evolution of state­s. This structure helps provide le­adership that preserve­s local characteristics and senses of ide­ntity.

FAQs from from 7th Amendment

RAW details on the 7th Amendment can be found here.